This stunning VW Samba has won 'Best Air-cooled' and 'Best in Show' at the Run To The Hills VW Show.
Also it was chosen to represent VW Commercial at the huge VW 'Vanfest Show'. This is the 1st time that VW have been associated with any kind of privately run VW event.
This was a competition to find the best Type 1,2,3,4 and 5 in the world and this Split Screen was the winner.
The highest accolade my bus received: It chosen by Volkswagen Commercial to represent the VW Split Screen 'Five Generations of VW' on the VW stand at last years Vanfest.
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T1 VW Split Screen
The idea for the T1 (AKA Split Screen, Kombi, Bus) is credited to Dutch Volkswagen importer Ben Pon, who drew the first sketches of the van in 1947.Although the aerodynamics of the first prototypes were poor, heavy optimization took place at the wind tunnel of the Technical University of Braunschweig.
The wind tunnel work paid off, as the Type 2 was aerodynamically superior to the Beetle despite its slab-sided shape. Three years later, under the direction of Volkswagen's new CEO Heinz Nordhoff, the first production model left the factory at Wolfsburg.
It has similarities in concept to the 1920s Rumpler Tropfenwagen and 1930s Dymaxion car by Buckminster Fuller, neither of which reached production.
Unlike other rear-engine Volkswagens, which evolved constantly over time but never saw the introduction of all-new models, the Transporter not only evolved, but was completely revised periodically with variations referred to as versions "T1" to "T5," although only generations T1 to T3 (or T25 as it is called in Ireland and Great Britain) can be seen as directly related to the Beetle (see below for details).
The Type 2 was along with the 1947 Citroën H Van, among the first 'forward control' vans in which the driver was placed above the front wheels. As such, it started a trend in Europe, where the 1952 GM Bedford CA, 1960 BMC Morris J4 and 1960 Commer FC among others copied the concept.
In the United States, the Corvair-based Chevrolet Corvan cargo van and Greenbrier passenger van went so far as to copy the Type 2's rear-engine layout, using the Corvair's horizontally-opposed, air-cooled engine for power. Except for the Greenbrier and various 1950s-70s minivans, the Type 2 remained unique in being rear-engined. This was a disadvantage for the early "barndoor" Panel Vans, which couldn't easily be loaded from the rear due to the engine cover intruding on interior space, but generally advantageous in terms of traction and interior noise.
Another trend that the Type 2 may not have started, but that it certainly gave momentum to, is the use of nicely-trimmed commercial vans as people carriers. This first took hold in the United States in the 1960s, aided by tongue-in-cheek advertising by the Doyle Dane Bernbach agency.
During the hippie era in the United States, the Bus became a major counterculture symbol. There were several reasons: The van could carry a number of people plus camping gear and cooking supplies, extra clothing, do-it-yourself carpenter's tools, etc. As a "statement", its boxy, utilitarian shape made the Type 2 everything the American cars of the day were not.
Used models were incredibly cheap to buy — many were hand-painted (a predecessor of the modern-day art car). Some Bus enthusiasts, especially for antiwar activists, would replace the VW logo with a painted peace symbol up front. Since that time, however, the original 1950–1967 Type 2 (primarily the pre-1956 barn-doors) has become a highly sought after collector's item.
The different types...
The T 1 was available as a:-
- Delivery van without side windows or rear seats (Panel Van).
- Delivery van without side windows or rear seats and cargo doors on both sides (Walk-Through Panel Van).
- Delivery van with raised roof (High Roof Panel Van), or Hochdach.
- Van with side windows and removable rear seats (Kombi, from German Kombinationskraftwagen (combination vehicle), i.e. both a passenger and a cargo vehicle combined).
- Van with more comfortable interior reminiscent of passenger cars (Bus; also called Caravelle since the third generation).
- Van with skylight windows and cloth sunroof (Samba-Bus, first generation only; also called Deluxe Microbus).
- Flatbed truck (Pick-up), or Single Cab, also available with wider load bed.
- Flatbed truck, Double Cab, with two rows of seats (Crew Cab Pick-up).
- Camping van (Westy; with Westfalia roof and interior).
- Semi-camping van that can also still be used as a passenger car and transporter, sacrificing some camping comforts (Multivan, or Weekender, available from the third generation on).
Apart from these factory variants, there were a multitude of third-party conversions available, some of which were offered through Volkswagen dealers. They included, but were not limited to, refrigerated vans, hearses, ambulances, police vans, fire engines and ladder trucks, and camping van conversions by companies other than Westfalia.
T1 Split Screen
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The first generation of the VW Type 2 with the split windshield, called the Microbus or Splittie among modern fans, was produced from March 8, 1950 through the end of the 1967 model year. From 1950 to 1956, the T1 was built in Wolfsburg; from 1956 it was built at the completely new Transporter factory in Hanover.
Like the Beetle, the first Transporters used the Volkswagen air cooled engine, an 1131 cc, 25 hp (19 kW), air-cooled four-cylinder boxer engine mounted in the rear. This was upgraded to an 1192 cc (1.2L) 30 hp in 1953. The 36 hp (27 kW) version (also 1192 cc with a higher compression ratio) became standard in 1955 while an unusual early version of the 40 hp (30 kW) engine debuted exclusively on the Type 2 in 1959.
This engine proved to be so uncharacteristically troublesome that Volkswagen recalled all 1959 Transporters and replaced the engines with an updated version of the 40 hp (30 kW) engine. Any 1959 models that retain that early engine today are true survivors. Since the engine was totally discontinued at the outset, no parts were ever made available.
The early versions of the T1 until 1955 were often called the T1a or "Barndoor", owing to the enormous rear engine cover, while the later versions with a slightly modified body (the roofline above the windshield is extended), smaller engine bay, and 15 in (381 mm) wheels instead of the original 16 in (406 mm) ones were called the T1b. From the 1963 model year, when the rear door was made wider (same as on the T2), the vehicle was referred to as the T1c. 1963 also saw the introduction of an optional sliding door for the passenger/cargo area instead of the outwardly hinged doors typical of cargo vans. This change arguably makes the 1963 VW the first true minivan, although the term wouldn't be coined for another two decades.
In 1962, a heavy-duty Transporter was introduced as a factory option. It featured a cargo capacity of one metric ton (1,000 kg) instead of the previous 750 kg (1,653 lb), smaller but wider 14 in (356 mm) wheels, and a 1.5 L, 42 DIN hp (31 kW) engine.
This was so successful that only a year later, the 750 kg, 1.2 L Transporter was discontinued. The 1963 model year introduced the 1493 cc (1.5L or "1500") engine as standard equipment to the US market at 51hp (38 kW) with an 83 mm (3.3 in) bore, 69 mm (2.7 in) stroke, and 7.8 to 1 compression ratio. When the Beetle received the 1.5 L engine for the 1967 model year, its power was increased to 53 hp DIN (40 kW). The Volkswagen Kombis engine has been noted to be very reliable and to also last a very long time. The United States instituted a 25% tariff on pickup trucks in the 1960s with what is known as the "chicken tax". The tax originated when West Germany placed a tariff on U.S. frozen chicken. The United States retaliated with a tariff on four items that included trucks, as Volkswagen was exporting the Volkswagen Type 2 in pickup form.
German production stopped after the 1967 model year; however, the T1 still was made in Brazil until 1975, when it was modified with a 1968-79 T2-style front end and big 1972-vintage taillights into the so-called "T1.5" and produced until 1996. The Brazilian T1s were not identical to the last German models (the T1.5 was locally produced in Brazil using the 1950s and 1960s-era stamping dies to cut down on retooling, alongside the Beetle/Fusca, where the pre-1965 body style was retained), though they sported some characteristic features of the T1a, such as the cargo doors and 5-stud (205 mm bolt circle) rims. Brazil production air-cooled vehicles (including the VW Brasilia) are a rare find in the USA and usually sought after by collectors.
Among American enthusiasts, it is common to refer to the different models by the number of their windows. The basic Kombi or Bus is the 11-window (a.k.a. 3-window bus because of three side windows) with a split windshield, two front cabin door windows, six rear side windows, and one rear window. The deluxe model featured eight rear side windows and two rear corner windows, making it the 15-window (not available in Europe). Meanwhile, the sunroof deluxe with its additional eight small skylight windows is, accordingly, the 23-window. From the 1963 model year, with its wider rear door, the rear corner windows were discontinued, making the latter two the 13-window and 21-window respectively. The 23 and later 21 window variants are usually described as Sambas.
***Technical notes acknowledgment – This information was reproduced courtesy of www.coolcampervans.com with grateful thanks. Crème de la Crème Autos accepts no liability for any inaccuracies or misquotes. These notes are intended as a background and not a definitive resource or research source. These notes have been reproduced with the kind permission and knowledge of www.coolcampervans.comThe full text can be seen in situ at the following URL www.coolcampervans.com/vw-campervan-history.shtml ***